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The Difference Between Millwork and Casework

There are two distinct categories that lie under the broad term “Carpentry”. Those categories are Millwork and Casework. Surprisingly, many people are not aware of the difference between millwork and casework and use the two terms, interchangeably. Often times, they are not distinguished properly in construction budgets. In this short blog, we will tell you the fundamental difference between the two.

Custom Millwork

The major difference between the two categories is that millwork is custom-made. It is the type of woodwork that is manufactured in a mill. The finished product must be built into a particular space, or else it will be known as custom furniture. Millwork can include anything from doors, trim, flooring, wall panels, cabinets, shelves. In short, anything that can be customized into a given space is part of millwork.

Custom millwork is typically ordered for practical and décor purposes. Each piece of this woodwork is built with keeping the customer’s requirements and space constraints in mind. Because of this, two millwork products are rarely alike.


Casework primarily includes woodworking projects that are made by keeping storage in mind. Examples of casework are storage boxes, cabinets, wardrobes, and shelves. As we mentioned earlier, the major difference between millwork and casework is that casework is not customized. The storage products are made according to the standard measurements. This is what makes casework less expensive than millwork.

Carpenters working on casework mostly start with fragments of wood and assemble them to make the final product. Moreover, casework products are generally manufactured in large batches as they’re not specific to a single customer.

Final Words

Capital City are experts in commercial and residential woodworking. We deal with both millwork and casework projects. If you need any architectural support or help in your woodworking projects, contact us now!