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What Are the Different Types of Wood Used in Construction?

Types of Wood Used in Construction

Research has shown that with the gradual introduction of stricter rules for carbon emissions, there is a rising demand for wood as a construction material. Since the early Paleolithic times, wood’s versatility has enabled people to choose from its different kinds. Knowing the various qualities and strengths of the different types of woods allows you to save time and money as wood has many structural and non-structural applications in the construction industry. Check out which kind of wood is suitable for your project.

Density primarily determines the categorization of softwood and hardwood. It also determines the mechanical properties of the wood. The wood’s strength is directly proportional to the density; hence, hardwood is more robust and durable than softwood. Investigating the wood’s strength enables you to decide how challenging that type of wood is to work with.

Type of Softwoods:

Cedar

Cedarwood is one of the most feasible choices for construction due to its high density, superior quality, and how light-weight it is. It is used in constructing closets and other wall coverings as it is resistant to decay, and the aromatic oil wards off insects.

Cypress

Cypress wood has excellent immunity to extremely wet environments because cypress generates its own preservative oil, called cypressene. It is ideal for building outdoor furnishing, docks, and decks, where longevity and good looks count.

Fir

Fir, also called Douglas fir, is a straight grain with a reddish-brown color and uniform texture. Although fir has low resistance to decay, it cannot be stained easily; hence, it is generally used in the raw form or as a painted surface.

Hemlock

Hemlock is present in the US, Canada, Alaska, England, and Eastern Asia. This wood is not an ideal choice for construction as the wood is full of knots. However, some builders prefer hemlock because it is easy to work with hand or power tools, and it grips screws; it also accepts all glues without a problem.

Pine

Pine is a popular wood choice due to its economic feasibility, availability, and different varieties from plain to knotty. It’s quite versatile, and its uses range from crafts to home construction. Pine is a favorite for cabinetry projects.

Spruce Lumber

Over 35 species of spruce trees throughout the world make it an accessible wood for construction used in housing or furniture projects.

Types of Hardwood

Ash

Ash is a scarce wood that is resistant to breaking but can be bent in various shapes. It mimics the same abilities as the white oak but is cheaper. The wood can stain easily for many projects.

Birch Lumber

Research shows there’s significant market growth for kitchen cabinets made from Alaskan hardwood, especially Alaskan birch. This wood can be identified by its numerous cross-streaks and thin papery bark.

Chestnut

It is rare to find a healthy chestnut tree; restoration efforts are in place to preserve and re-generate more. Chestnut trees are easy to work with and are used for chestnut flooring and rooftop projects.

Dogwood

They are traditionally used in the textile industry to make shuttles for weaving. This heavy wood becomes wholly smooth and durable with use, giving this wood a longer life.

Elm Wood

Hardwood is used in construction, flooring, crown- veneers, mining timbers, firewood, and paper products. Elmwood has an interlocking grain that makes it resistant to splitting, which is ideal for construction.

Hickory

Hickory wood is found on the hickory tree that provides nuts and serves as valuable hardwood for various wood products.

Mahogany Wood

Mahogany, a wood that often starts with a pinkish tone that will deepen and darken over time, is an endangered tree, expensive and luxurious. Due to its rarity, it is scarcely used, mostly in carpentry.

Maple

Often the choice for carpenters as it has greater durability, even if it presents challenges during finishing.

Oak

Oak is a heavy, robust, and light-colored hardwood that is easy to work on. Oak has a well-defined finish and a clear-cut grain, and it has good resistance to moisture, fungus, and yeast.

Walnut

Walnut is a versatile wood with a fine texture. It is strong, rigid, durable, light-weight, and warp-resistant. While this wood has a fine grain, it is not the best fit for beginners.