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4 Woodworking Techniques You Should Be Aware Of

Woodworking techniques

Woodworking is an art that has existed for millennia. Throughout history, wood has been classified as one of the sturdiest and visually appealing material. In modern times, wooden products and crafts are considered a symbol of luxury and are used for home décor or casual use.

Arguably one of the most useful and intriguing skill in woodworking, which is defined as cutting, sawing, joining, bolting, polishing, and shaping wooden parts to create useful products. To highlight the complex process of woodworking, we have prepared a list of some of the woodworking techniques you should be aware of.

Cutting the Wood

While this may sound like an easy task, the reality is quite the opposite. Understanding the proper orientation and the structure of the wood is essential before initiating the process of woodcutting. Growth ring layers are added every year on the trees as they grow and age. The older the tree, the more layers it has. These layers produce aesthetic grains that are visible on the wooden boards and panels.

Another big mistakes novice woodworkers make is to disregard the expansion and contraction of wood under different humidity conditions. Ignoring these delicate fluctuations during the construction process can affect the entire structure.

Using Hand Plane

A simple yet effective woodworking tool is the hand plane. Although there are many motor-powered planers, the finishing and the fine scaling of hand planes cannot be matched. Using a hand plane requires experience and skill to refine the wood from coarse to fine properly.

This complex skill requires extensive practice and hand stability to craft beautiful structures without breaking or tearing the wood.

Making Mortise and Tenon Joints

One of the most basic carpentry joints is the mortise and tenon joint which involves the interlocking of a horizontal and a vertical piece of wood at a right angle. Chairs and tables are some of the wooden crafts that use the mortise and tenon joints. These joints have been used for thousands of years due to their strength and durability.

While making a mortise and tenon joint might seem like an intuitive task, careful planning and crafting are required to make the perfect mortise that fits tightly in the tenon.

Giving the Final Touch

You might have the best-crafted furniture around, but the wooden crafts look raw and unappealing without proper finishing and polishing. It is essential to add the finishing touch to your woodcrafts to add to the aesthetics and the structure.

Some of the most commonly used wood finishing products available on the market are:

  • Shellac
  • Wax
  • Varnish (Polyurethane)
  • Oil wood finish
  • Lacquer, among others

Finishing is a vital part of the woodworking process, which turns the wooden structure into the final product. Apart from giving the product a visual appeal, finishing also provides protection against oil, water, dirt, chemicals, and other contaminants which might harm your woodcrafts.

Final Word

Woodworking industry continues to grow as the demand for high-quality woodworks increases globally. Proper woodworking requires delicate designing, complex structuring, and smooth polishing that shapes lumber into a decorative craft.

Capital City Millwork prides ourselves in providing only the highest quality of woodworking products to our customers. Our team of highly skilled woodworkers are committed to creating the best woodcrafts suited to all your woodworking needs.